Toward A General Theory of Boundary Work: Insights from the CGIAR’s Natural Resource Management Programs.

TitleToward A General Theory of Boundary Work: Insights from the CGIAR’s Natural Resource Management Programs.
Publication TypeWorking Paper
AuthorsClark WC, Tomich T, van Noordwijk M, Dickson NM, Catacutan D, Guston D, McNie E
PublisherHarvard Kennedy School
Place PublishedUSA
Year of Publication2010
Publication LanguageEnglish
AbstractPrevious research on the determinants of effectiveness in knowledge systems seeking to support sustainable development has highlighted the importance of “boundary work” through which research communities organize their relations with other fields of science, other sources of knowledge, and the worlds of action and policy making. A growing body of scholarship postulates specific attributes of boundary work that promote used and useful research. These propositions, however, are largely based on the experience of a few industrialized countries. We report here on an effort to evaluate their relevance for efforts to harness science in support of sustainability in the developing world. We carried out a multi-country comparative analysis of natural resource management programs conducted under the auspices of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). We discovered 6 distinctive kinds of boundary work contributing to successes of the CGIAR programs—a greater variety than has been documented in previous studies. We propose that these different kinds of boundary work can be understood as a dual response to the different uses for which the results of specific research programs are intended, and the different sources of knowledge drawn on by those programs. We show that these distinctive kinds of boundary work require distinctive strategies to organize them effectively. Especially important are arrangements regarding participation of stakeholders, governance, and the use of boundary objects. We conclude that improving the ability of research programs to produce useful knowledge for sustainable development will require both greater and differentiated support for multiple forms of boundary work.
Keywordsboundary, Knowledge
Citation Key2009