By Paul Stapleton and Meine vanNoordwijk
The Rio+20 meetings started a process for
the world to articulate the future we want through a set of Sustainable
Development Goals. Landscapes with forests, trees and agroforestry will be
central to achieving many of these goals. As part of its annual Science Week,
the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) is
staging the Nairobi Landscape Day
at its headquarters on Friday 13 September 2013.
The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) has been working at the landscape level for many years and has accumulated a depth of knowledge and expertise in the approachLandscapes combine 1) people and their ambitions and
livelihoods, 2) land use systems with and without trees, 3) patterns of tree
cover in space and time, interacting with the topography, soils, climate, water
flows, flora and fauna, 4) ecosystem services, or the benefits humans derive from
functioning (agro)ecosystems, 5) stakeholders who care about what happens with
the services and the underlying natural and social capital, 6) governance
mechanisms by which stakeholders can influence, in positive or negative ways,
what people do. This completes the circle, or logical loop, leading to overall
degradation (in many of our landscapes), restoration or gradual improvement.
The future earth we want will have zero (net) degradation, as one of the
proposed sustainable development goals articulates. A large new scientific
effort coordinated by all academies of science in the world is now zooming in
on this FuturEarth concept.
Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) has been working at the landscape level for many
years and has accumulated a depth of knowledge and expertise in the approach.
Nairobi Landscape Day will have four events: an eye-opening lecture on future earth, sustainable development goal,
agroforestry and experience with landscape approaches so far; a virtual
fieldtrip around the world, visiting live examples of how people and
landscapes interact across the 6
aspects; an open house, where we show
our various approaches to landscapes; a discussion panel on the demand for and
supply of scientific analysis to support these feedback loops.
Cheikh Mbow, Sara Namirembe and Peter Minang will talk about “Agroforestry
Landscapes, Sustainable Development Goals and the Future Earth We Want.”
In 2015 world
leaders will take stock of the achievements of the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs) and will see evidence that concrete targets that have the support of the
global policy community can actually help in reducing poverty. However, the MDG
on sustainable development will have little progress to show. In anticipation
of this discussion, a UN-lead process has started to come up with a set of
Sustainable Development Goals that build on the MDGs but give more operational
clarity on the environmental side. Current drafts of the goals suggest that
agroforestry can be relevant in meeting many of these SDGs. The lecture will
introduce the Future Earth initiative, give an update on the development of the
SDGs and start a discussion how agroforestry at large and ICRAF specifically
can best participate.
lecture, participants will be taken on a virtual tour of the landscapes in
Asia, Africa and Latin America where ICRAF works on integrated approaches.
Since the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, we have become increasingly aware of
the wide range of ecosystem services derived from landscapes. These include
things like clean water, flood, droughts and soil erosion control, land and
biodiversity conservation, in addition to agricultural and forest production.
This session will answer the questions: Who is involved in farming, cutting and
planting trees? What benefits do farmers get from trees, agroforestry practices
and agroforestry land use? Which trees are where in the landscape? How do trees
contribute to ecosystem services? Who cares and is a stakeholder of positive or
negative change in landscape performance? How can stakeholders influence and
have average on the drivers of change to which farmers respond?
A key feature of
the landscape approach is that it integrates land and soil , agriculture,
forests, trees, people, animals and water rather than treating them
separately. The landscape approach
embraces these various landscape functions and seeks to manage land at the
range of scales necessary to ensure sustainable development. After the tour, a
summary will be given of the tools and approaches that have been developed
during Science Week for integrated approaches, welcoming partners to share
their work related to the landscape.
landscape approach will have a range of impacts, such as preserving forests,
raising the number of useful trees in the landscape, increasing agricultural
production and food security, restoring degraded land and halting further land
degradation and desertification, conserving biodiversity, contributing to
poverty eradication, mitigating the effects of climate change and promoting a
greener economy. The mix of these outcomes will vary according to context and
local needs and aspirations.
As an essential
part of the Day’s activities, there will be a panel discussion on the demand
for scientific agroforestry knowledge for sustainable development goals, and
the supply of such knowledge by the CGIAR and Future Earth academic science,
chaired by ICRAF Deputy Director General, Research, Dr. Ravi Prabhu.
highlight ways to meet development challenges that do not jeopardize how future
generations will be able to derive benefits from the products and services of
the landscapes that support us today.
13th September, 2013
Time: 08:30 –
Please plan to
attend and distribute widely. For further details on the event, contact
Stella Muasya at email@example.com or Elizabeth Kahurani firstname.lastname@example.org