REDD performance should focus on sustained investment
Future progress in REDD+ will require supporting nation states to develop and carry out legal and policy reforms that lead to long term and sustainable land use and improvements in governance, leading to improved management, use and conservation of forest land. This requires redefining the notion of performance from ex-post results towards results related to sustained investments in structural and long-term reforms that are needed for curbing deforestation and, as they focus on agriculture, tenure and governance, are “no regret” policies. It will also be critical for REDD+ recipient governments to understand that REDD+ benefits are related to capacity building, sustainable use of forest resources and land use that ensures social and environmental progress and secures the sustainable provision of goods and services.
Addressing the drivers to deforestation which are under the control of governments of forested countries will not be sufficient to rescue rainforests if in-depth changes in global consumption patterns are not carried out, especially in industrialised countries. Whilst appropriate economic instruments can contribute to solving the problem, the ultimate solution (still) remains in the collective choices and both collective and individual behaviour: forests are not only depleted and cleared to meet basic human needs; they are often converted supporting response to new demands for meat, timber, energy and fibre which – at the end of the day – boils down to the issue of ever-increasing consumption. Download report here