Methodology for low carbon emission strategies at local government level
As part of ASB Partnership’s REALU project, a new strategy that provides a model of how consensus among multi-stakeholders can be achieved including how communities can be part of decision making and implementation process in finding sustainable solutions to development has been released.
Land Use Planning for Low Emission Development Strategy (LUWES) is a platform that provides a practical approach to a multiple stakeholder decision-making process on land use plans that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions from land-based activity while simultaneously promoting economic growth and development.
LUWES has successfully been implemented using specific case studies in Indonesia. It brings together a set of principles, steps, and tools that address the major challenges of implementing climate change mechanisms at the local level.
According to the report, rational planning is a systematic and comprehensive planning approach that utilizes data and information throughout 5 related steps: 1) identifying problems; 2) determining goals and objectives; 3) identifying of opportunities and obstacles; 4) designing alternatives in order to achieve goals; and 5) creating options and implementation. The participatory approach relies on the inclusion of all stakeholders in determining goals and types of development activity to be implemented. Download Report here
The LUWES approach resonates with evidence from other research and scholarly views. For instance, in what turned out to be her parting shot, renowned Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom, urged negotiators at RIO+ 20 to consider multiple level actions and policies that stem from local, to national, to global scales. In her article titled Green from the grassroots, she noted, “Inaction in Rio would be disastrous, but a single international agreement would be a grave mistake. We cannot rely on singular global policies to solve the problem of managing our common resources. Decades of research demonstrate that a variety of overlapping policies at city, subnational, national, and international levels is more likely to succeed than are single, overarching binding agreements.” Go here to read the full article
The message is therefore clear that a roadmap to sustainable development can only be effective if there is active involvement of communities at the local level. This aspect has largely been ignored maybe due to the complexities that come along with trying to gain consensus from all stakeholders. The LUWES strategy is a good place to start overcoming this particular challenge.