Alternatives to Slash and Burn: The Search for an alternative


 Author(s):Palm C.A., Vosti S.A., Sanchez P.A., Ericksen P.E


 Year: 2005


 Abstract:This remarkable volume addresses the sustainable management of tropical
forests with unstinting sophistication, moving the analysis beyond clichés
to the true complexities of the challenge. The worlds tropical forests, in
Latin America, Africa, and Asia, are being cut down, at enormous costs to local
and global biodiversity and ecosystem services. The carbon released by tropical
deforestation is a significant factor in the overall increase in atmospheric greenhouse
gases. Yet the best bets to deal with the challenge of tropical deforestation
remain far from obvious. The studies collected here offer new conceptual
tools and a rich compendium of empirical analyses that will be needed to formulate
a set of viable responses to this major global challenge. '




I The Problem and Approach


1 Alternatives to Slash and Burn: Challenge and Approaches of an

International Consortium

Pedro A. Sanchez, Cheryl A. Palm, Stephen A. Vosti, Thomas P. Tomich,

and Joyce Kasyoki 3



II Thematic Research


2 Carbon Losses and Sequestration After Land Use Change in the

Humid Tropics

Cheryl A. Palm, Meine van Noordwijk, Paul L. Woomer, Julio C. Alegre,

Luis Arévalo, Carlos E. Castilla, Divonzil G. Cordeiro, Kurniatun Hairiah,

Jean Kotto-Same, Appolinaire Moukam, William J. Parton, Auberto Ricse,

Vanda Rodrigues, and Syukur M. Sitompul 41



3 Greenhouse Gas Fluxes in Slash and Burn and Alternative Land Use

Practices in Sumatra, Indonesia

Daniel Murdiyarso, Haruo Tsuruta, Shigehiro Ishizuka, Kurniatun Hairiah,

and Cheryl A. Palm 64



4 The Potential Role of Above-Ground Biodiversity Indicators in

Assessing Best-Bet Alternatives to Slash and Burn

Andrew N. Gillison 83

 PDF 647KB


5 Below-Ground Biodiversity Assessment: Developing a Key Functional

Group Approach in Best-Bet Alternatives to Slash and Burn

David E. Bignell, Jerome Tondoh, Luc Dibog, Shiou Pin Huang,

Fátima Moreira, Dieudonné Nwaga, Beto Pashanasi,

Eliane Guimarăes Pereira, Francis-Xavier Susilo, and Michael J. Swift 119



6 Sustainability of Tropical Land Use Systems After Forest Conversion

Kurniatun Hairiah, Meine van Noordwijk, and Stephan Weise 143

PDF 1.23MB

7 The Forest for the Trees: The Effects of Macroeconomic Factors on

Deforestation in Brazil and Indonesia

Andrea Cattaneo and Nu Nu San 170



III Site-Specific Alternatives to Slash-and-Burn Agriculture


8 Sustainable Forest Management for Smallholder Farmers in the

Brazilian Amazon

Marcus V. N. d’Oliveira, Michael D. Swaine, David F. R. P. Burslem,

Evaldo M. Bráz, and Henrique J. B. de Araújo 199



9 Permanent Smallholder Rubber Agroforestry Systems in Sumatra,


Gede Wibawa, Sinung Hendratno, and Meine van Noordwijk 222



10 Coffee, Pastures, and Deforestation in the Western Brazilian Amazon:

A Farm-Level Bioeconomic Model

Chantal L. Carpentier, Stephen A. Vosti, and Julie Witcover 233

PDF  194KB


11 Smallholder Options for Reclaiming and Using Imperata cylindrica

L. (Alang-Alang) Grasslands in Indonesia

Pratiknyo Purnomosidhi, Kurniatun Hairiah, Subekti Rahayu,

and Meine van Noordwijk 248

IV National Perspectives



12 The Western Brazilian Amazon

Judson F. Valentim and Stephen A. Vosti 265



13 The Forest Margins of Sumatra, Indonesia

Soetjipto Partohardjono, Djuber Pasaribu, and Achmad M. Fagi 291

vi Contents

PDF  155KB


14 The Forest Margins of Cameroon

James Gockowski, Jean Tonyé, Chimere Diaw, Stefan Hauser, Jean Kotto-Same,

Rosaline Njomgang, Appolinaire Moukam, Dieudonné Nwaga,

Téophile Tiki-Manga, Jerome Tondoh, Zac Tschondeau, Stephan Weise,

and Louis Zapfack 305

PDF 2.86MB


15 The Peruvian Amazon: Development Imperatives and Challenges

Douglas White, Manuel Arca, Julio Alegre, David Yanggen, Ricardo Labarta,

John C. Weber, Carmen Sotelo-Montes, and Héctor Vidaurre 332

PDF 1.55MB


16 Northern Thailand: Changing Smallholder Land Use Patterns

Plodprasop Suraswadi, David E. Thomas, Komon Pragtong,

Pornchai Preechapanya, and Horst Weyerhaeuser 355

V Cross-Site Comparisons and Conclusions



17 Land Use Systems at the Margins of Tropical Moist Forest: Addressing

Smallholder Concerns in Cameroon, Indonesia, and Brazil

Stephen A. Vosti, James Gockowski, and Thomas P. Tomich 387



18 Balancing Agricultural Development and Environmental Objectives:

Assessing Tradeoffs in the Humid Tropics

Thomas P. Tomich, Andrea Cattaneo, Simon Chater, Helmut J. Geist,

James Gockowski, David Kaimowitz, Eric F. Lambin, Jessa Lewis, Ousseynou

Ndoye, Cheryl A. Palm, Fred Stolle, William D. Sunderlin, Judson F. Valentim,

Meine van Noordwijk, and Stephen A. Vosti 415



Index 441 PDF 135KB