SPECIAL EDITION - UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE 2008
REDD Strategies for High Carbon Rural Development?
Emissions from forestry and land use change is a centerpiece at this year’s UNFCCC Conference in Poznań, Poland. As the conference gets underway, ASB is noticing opportunities to influence the agenda to not only include forest carbon under a post-2012 agreement, but also the vast amounts of carbon stored in other land uses that include trees. Moreover, ASB is concerned with how to create incentives for maintaining and developing these types of carbon in ways that benefit smallholder farmers across the tropics.
In anticipation of the conference, ASB has released two new policybriefs that investigate the opportunity costs of avoiding emissions from deforestation, and REDD strategies for high-carbon rural development.
ASB PolicyBriefs 10: The Opportunity Costs of Avoiding Emissions from Deforestation synthesizes results from four countries across the tropics on the opportunity costs of avoiding emissions from deforestation. Overall, the research finds that most deforestation generates relatively small economic benefits for the damage caused. The bottom-up perspective helps clarify how to design incentives to change behaviour at ground level.
ASB will present its results and next steps at a Forest Day Side Event: "The Opportunity Costs of Avoiding Emissions from Deforestation:
Bottom-up approaches to measurement and policy change." 6 December 2008 | 14.30-16.00. Venue: University of Adam Mickiewicz
ASB PolicyBriefs 11: REDD Strategies for High Carbon Rural Development investigates what land use options can maintain and enhance carbon stocks in rural landscapes while also generating income for land users. The concept of “high carbon rural development” adapts the ‘low-carbon economy’ concept for the developing world. HCRD also means high soil fertility, high maintenance of ecosystem services, and sequestration of carbon from the global atmosphere. Managing for high-carbon pathways in the landscape means you don’t necessarily have to make big tradeoffs between locking away carbon and people earning a livelihood off the land.
The World Agroforestry Centre and ASB will present this research its side event "REDD Strategies for High-Carbon Rural Development" 5 December 2008 | 9:00 - 10:30.
Room: Aesculapian snake.
We hope to see you at these events if you happen to be in Poznań. We will also be posting all the presentations on our site (http://www.asb.cgiar.org) and look forward to any feedback and discussion.
Related events in Poznań
REDD methodology modules | FFI, CCBA, WCS & AD Partners: Friday December 5, 15:30. Room: Aesculapian snake. Also at Forest Day 2, December 6 from 14:30 - 16:00.
Towards integrated adaptation and mitigation measures in agriculture|Asia-Europe Environment Forum : Thursday Dec 4, 10.30. Room: CCTV III.
Land use change: Marginalisation, smallholders and incentives for change | Camco Global : Monday Dec. 8, 18h30, Mercure Hotel, Poznań.
REDD and peatland conservation and restoration | Global Environment Centre, Wetlands International, Woods Hole Research Centre, CIFOR. Saturday December 6, Forest Day, 16:30-18:00. Also Monday December 8, 15:30-17:30. Room: Swan. Speakers include Climate Action Network Canada, Global Environment Centre, Wetlands International.
Part of the solution: why agriculture matters for climate change policy? | International Federation of Agricultural Producers (IFAP):Monday December 8, 19:30-21:00. Room: Fox.
The full Side Event schedule can be downloaded at the UNFCCC site
New rules establish market for saving rainforests through carbon trading
The Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS) is a new carbon accounting standard that incorporates agriculture, agriculture and other land use project. The standard may help facilitate new avoided deforestation projects to break into the voluntary market.
Download the VCS Rulebook: Voluntary Carbon Standard Guidance for Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Projects
UN to launch land use commission
The UN has announced the launch of a Commission on Land Use Change and Ecosystems, launched with support from GLOBE International, the United Nations, and senior legislators from around the world. The commission will address issues of the global economy as it relates to saving ecosystems and fostering biodiversity, two issues which Senior Commission Member and UK Legislator Barry Gardiner says are inextricably linked.
Peru REDD declaration
The Peruvian REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) Group would like to share the Tarapoto Declaration concerning REDD issues, which was signed by different Peruvian stakeholders during a REDD workshop organized in October 2008 in Tarapoto city, Peru.
For further information, please contact Verónica Gálmez M. Programa Regional ECOBONA / Intercooperation.
Publications and Online Resources
Biofuel Plantations on Tropical Forestlands are Bad for the Climate and Biodiversity
The study reveals that it would take at least 75 years for the carbon emissions saved through the use of biofuels to compensate for the carbon lost through forest conversion. And if the original habitat was carbon-rich peatland, the carbon balance would take more than 600 years. On the other hand, planting biofuels on degraded Imperata grasslands instead of tropical rain forests would lead to a net removal of carbon in 10 years, the authors found. Co-authors Hendrien Beukema and Daniel Murdiyarso were involved in ASB
Danielsen et al. Biofuel Plantations on Forested Lands: Double Jeopardy for Biodiversity and Climate. Conservation Biology, 2008; DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01096.x
Guide to REDD action: Little REDD Book
The Global Canopy Programme has released the "Little REDD Book", a comparative (and collaborative) guide to governmental and non governmental proposals for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD).
Africa could be a significant carbon sink
According to research conducted by CarboAfrica, an international research consortium of 15 institutions from Africa and Europe that includes the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Africa could be absorbing more carbon from the atmosphere than it emits.
Source: FAO-Backed Research Project Indicates Africa Could Be a Significant Carbon Sink . Climate-L.org