Harnessing agroforestry on the road to Copenhagen
Trees outside forests are an important, and often missing piece, of the
carbon emissions reductions puzzle. Although it’s always been clear
that trees store carbon and provide benefits to people, how to
institutionalize the role of trees in the fight against climate change
is now a top question for the global community. The future of an
international will be shaped at the upcoming 15th Conference of Parties
to the UNFCCC, in Copenhagen this December. Research presented by
a range of partners from the ASB consortium at the 2nd World Congress of Agroforestry can
help generate practical policy options for harnessing the full
potential of agroforestry and other non-forest land uses to reduce
emissions, store carbon, and bring benefits to millions
of smallholder farmers across the tropics.
Read the full story on the ASB blog.
First steps for taking stock of Africa’s biocarbon
can African countries turn their agricultural and forest lands into a
carbon asset? On September 10 and 11, the World Agroforestry Centre
convened 30 scientists from the Common Market for East and Southern
Africa (COMESA) region, and the rest of Africa, to discuss the
scientific evidence for Africa’s biocarbon. The workshop was organized
in partnership with the COMESA Africa Biocarbon Initiative, and aimed
to assess current evidence and research gaps for climate change
mitigation and adaptation in agriculture and forests. The scientists
also proposed next steps for Africa to benefit from its biocarbon
resources, via global carbon markets. Read the full story on the ASB blog.
African Continent’s New Climate Leader
Outlines common stance At a recent
meeting convened by the UN Economic Commission for Africa in Addis
Ababa to promote a common African negotiating position, Ethiopian Prime
Minister Meles Zenawi outlined the continent's intentions to
speak with one voice at international climate negotiation. Zenawi has
been was chosen to chair a new high-level committee to steer the
African negotiation process by African heads of state.
“By partnering with us on green development, the developed world could
create a more robust market and overall environment for the mitigation
efforts that it alone must shoulder,” Zenawi said.
Full story: Africa's
new climate leader outlines continent's stance. SciDev.net, 4
Science and civil society orgs call for REDD+ and AFOLU
A new set of REDD position papers, published jointly by Conservation International, the Environmental Defense Fund, The Nature Conservancy, and the Woods Hole Research Center, include a call that a REDD+ deal should pave the way to reducing emissions from agriculture, forestry and other land uses:
The scope of a REDD+ mechanism should be defined to include a range of
activities that contribute to greenhouse gas mitigation in the forest
sectors of developing countries. While it is important that the focus
of a REDD+ mechanism in the near term remain on the forest sector, it
should be designed such that a future transition to a mechanism based
on the agriculture, forest, and other land use sectors (AFOLU) is
The briefs describe the organizations’ shared positions on the scope,
scale, and financing arrangements of the international REDD framework
to be adopted this December by the Conference of the Parties as part of
a climate change agreement in Copenhagen.
Source: Policy Briefs on REDD
ASB on the radio - en franšais!
During the media buzz of the World Congress of
Agroforestry, ASB acting Global Coordinator Peter Akong Minang was
interviewed by several french-language media outlets on the new global
assessment of trees on farms. Peter highlighted the importance of trees
outside forests in the fight against climate change. Click to read more and to listen online.
Opinions and Analysis
REDD+, agriculture, adaptation strategies and poverty
the agriculture and food security agenda fit into the debate on
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD),
particularly leading up to the climate change conference in Copenhagen
this December? Bruce Campbell, of the Climate Change, Agriculture and
Food Security Challenge Program (CCAFS) looks the evolution of the REDD
debate and possible opportunities and challenges for poverty
alleviation and agricultural development efforts.
B.M., Beyond Copenhagen: REDD+, agriculture, adaptation strategies and
poverty. Global Environ. Change (2009),
forest carbon experiences can help us get REDD right
in Copenhagen would be wise to pay attention to some of the challenges
highlighted by early experiments using market mechanisms to avoid
deforestation, writes Tan Copsey in an opinion piece in China Dialogue.
Copsey points to recently revealed illegal carbon prospecting (by
“carbon cowboys”) in Papua New Guinea to highlight how indigenous
communities are being marginalized, or worse, completely
exploited. Read more.
Call to African finance ministers to pay attention to climate change
The brief touches on a number of areas that will either be impacted by
climate change, or stand to benefit from greater engagement in global
climate change mitigation processes, including agriculture, forestry
and industrial sectors. By integrating climate change objectives into
overall development programs, African countries can make the most of
opportunities, and better prepare themselves for impacts. Read more.
Methodologies Tame Forest Carbon Jungle
Katoomba Group’s Ecosystem Marketplace dives into the various
methodologies for assessing forest carbon, covering a wide range of
methods used in the voluntary and regulated markets. Read more.
Desvendando o significado de REDD, REDD+ e REDD++
do all those Plusses mean? The Brazilian Environmental Research
institute of the Amazon (Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amaz˘nia -
IPAM) helps unravel the meaning of REDD, REDD+ and REDD++, in simple
Portuguese. Read more/
Africa Analysis: Securing the right climate deal There
are many challenges for Africa leading up to the 15th Conference of
Parties to the UNFCCC in Copenhagen, says Linda Nordling in an opinion
piece on SciDev.net. One is for African countries to adopt a common
position and translate it into detailed proposals for negotiation.
Another key issue for Africa relates to how countries with both high
and low forest cover can benefit from REDD. Read more...
Roads are ruining the rainforests
In an opinion piece, Professor William Laurance (Smithsonian Tropical
Research Institute), points to road expansion as a major driver of
deforestation in the Amazon, and suggests that restricting new roads
would be “realistic” and “cost-effective” approach for curbing
deforestation. Read more...
Forest transition in Vietnam and displacement of deforestation abroad
Meyfroidt, P., & Lambin, E.F. (2009). Forest transition in Vietnam and displacement of deforestation abroad Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0904942106.
national-scale reforestation of Vietnam since 1992 is assumed to
contribute to this recovery. It is achieved, however, by the
displacement of forest extraction to other countries on the order of 49
(34–70) M m3, or ≈39% of the regrowth of Vietnam’s forests from 1987 to
Critical need for new definitions of “forest” and “forest degradation” in global climate change agreementsIf global policies intended to promote forest conservation continue to
use the definition of “forest” adopted in 2001 by the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (an area of >0.05–1 ha with
>10–30% cover of plants >2–5 m tall at maturity), great
quantities of carbon and other environmental values will be lost when
natural forests are severely degraded or replaced by plantations but
technically remain “forests.”
Nophea Sasaki and Francis E. Putz. Critical need for new definitions of “forest” and “forest degradation” in global climate change agreements. Conservation Letters 1755-263X http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-263X.2009.00067.x
Vested Interests -
Industrial logging and carbon in tropical forests
that industrial logging can play a role in “sustainable forest
management” in tropical forests appear to be based on faith and vested
interests rather than on facts or scientific evidence, says the NGO
Global Witness in
a new report (PDF).
successful efforts for avoided deforestation vs compensated reductions
Tacconi, L. 2009. Compensated
successful efforts for avoided deforestation vs compensated reductions.
Ecological Economics. 68: 8/9,
An alternative to REDD,
Compensated Successful Efforts (CSE) is an approach
that suggests that financial benefits should be provided on
the basis of developing countries’ successful ‘efforts’ to reduce
emissions from deforestation, i.e. input based. The CSE approach also
differs from previous ones in relation to the definition of what should
be counted as avoided deforestation and how to estimate avoided
deforestation. The paper discusses the CSE approach and points
out several shortcomings.
Lessons from carbon
markets for designing an effective REDD architecture
Neeff, T.; Ascui, F. 2009. Lessons
from carbon markets for designing an effective REDD architecture.
Climate Policy. 2009. 9: 3, 306-315. 18 ref.
Detailed consideration is
given to the type of commitment, the
financing mechanism, the level of incentive allocation, and the
fungibility of carbon credits, in the context of experience from
existing carbon markets. We conclude that a financially successful REDD
mechanism would be based on a strong regulatory framework with
mandatory targets, market-based, with some degree of project-level
crediting, creating fungible REDD credits, subject to a cap.
Forestry Carbon Markets & REDD
23-24 September 2009, Washington DC
Forestry Carbon Markets & REDD Conference will bring together
leading industry figures and players to debate the future of emissions
reductions from avoided deforestation and degradation projects. Read more.
Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change
22-23 October 2009, Washington DC
meeting will be co-organized with the World Resources Institute (WRI)
and will focus on the international implications of the Waxman-Markey
bill now working its way through the US Congress, as well as the
preliminary steps by the UN-REDD and FCPF to establish REDD Readiness
in developing countries to date. Read more.
Impacts of Climate change on Natural Resources
is now ample evidence of the ecological impacts of recent climate
change from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments. The
Egyptian Society for Environmental Sciences (ESES) will host the fourth
international conference on “Impacts of Climate Change on Natural
10-11 November 2009, Ismailia,
Agriculture and Rural Development Day
12 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
and Rural Development Day will be a parallel event to the UNFCCC 15th
Conference of Parties, in Copenhagen this December. The event is
convened by the CGIAR challenge program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security. The
main objective of the event is to lay the groundwork for a workplan of
strategies and actions that will see agriculture fully incorporated
into the post-Copenhagen agenda. Read more.
Forest Day 3
13 December 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark
Forest Day 3
will build on the success of Forest Day 1 and 2 in helping to ensure
forests are high on the agenda for future climate outcomes, and will
pave the way forward in making these outcomes work beyond Copenhagen. Read
- Forestry Carbon Markets & REDD, 23-24 Sept, Washington DC
- Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change, 22-23 Oct, Washington DC
- Conference: Impacts of Climate change on Natural Resources, 10-11 Nov, Ismailia, Egypt
- Agriculture and Rural Development Day, 12 December, Copenhagen, Denmark
- Forest Day 3, 13 December, Copenhagen, Denmark
Edited by: Vanessa Meadu.
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