Coordinator's Message Learning by doing: practical approaches to REDD-plus
the virtual failure of the Copenhagen UN climate conference to come to
a global agreement, the discussion on Reducing Emissions from
Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD-plus) has continued with
force. The current focus appears to be on helping developing countries
get ready for REDD-plus technically, politically and institutionally.
So how can we most effectively build REDD-plus capacity? ASB strongly
believes in learning by doing. Demonstration projects can be the most
powerful tool to develop the technical know-how and attract the
political buy-in needed to implement a national-level REDD-plus
Read the full commentary....
News from the ASB Partnership
African scientists get their boots dirty to learn about REDD
Based on the principle that the best way to learn is through
practical experience, the World Agroforestry Centre brought a group of
scientists to the Rukinga REDD project in southeastern Kenya last
week, as part of a science meeting of the Africa Biocarbon Initiative. Read about the field trip and key lessons for REDD-plus implementation.
Scientists gather to discuss how to improve Africa’s participation in global carbon markets Scientists from 14 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa gathered for a 3-day workshop to address the role of
sustainable agriculture, forestry and agroforestry in the fight against
climate change. The workshop focussed on determining research priorities and
next steps for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest
Degradation (REDD) and agriculture in the region. The workshop was
co-hosted by the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
and the World Agroforestry Centre. Read more...
ASB and partners convene REDD workshops in Africa and Asia
for developing countries working to reduce emissions from deforestation
and land use change were held in Nairobi, Kenya, from 1-3 March 2010,
and Hue City, Viet Nam, from 8-10 March 2010. The workshops were hosted
by the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and Alternatives to Slash and
Burn Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins (ASB), and the
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). The
workshops follow previous meetings in 2009 on “REDD at the Copenhagen
Climate Talks and Beyond- Bridging the Gap between Negotiations and
Actions.” Read the full story.
Climate research in Vietnam receives a boost
“What we need from the World Agroforestry Centre
is the scientific basis. Our people need the scientists to work beside
them,” said Mrs Pham Minh Thoa, newly appointed Director General
of Vietnam’s Department of Science, Technology and International
Cooperation, during a visit to the World Agroforestry Centre in
March 2010. Read the full story.
More News and Opinions
Good news for African Forest Carbon initiatives
After lagging behind Asia and
Latin America, Africa can finally boast of its first large-scale
forestry project to be registered under the Clean Development Mechanism
of the Kyoto Protocol. Meanwhile, Standard Bank, the United Nations
Environment Programme and the German Government’s International Climate
Initiative, have jointly launched the Africa Carbon Asset Development
(ACAD) Facility. Read more...
IFAD Highlights the Challenges for Rural Development Posed by Climate Change
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has released a
factsheet titled “Climate Change: a development challenge,”
which calls for carbon trading schemes to include mechanisms to
compensate the rural poor, and for policy makers to incentivize carbon
sequestration and soil and water conservation. The note also outlines
IFAD’s efforts to streamline climate change adaptation and mitigation
into its programmes. It further describes: a biogas project in China; a
World Agroforestry Centre programme for developing mechanisms to Reward
the Upland Poor of Asia for Environmental Services (RUPES); an
adaptation project in Peru; and partnerships on climate change between
IFAD and other international organizations. Download the factsheet. (PDF)
FAO analysis of Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change post-Copenhagen
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has
posted an information note on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate
Change in the Post-Copenhagen process. The note summarizes progress made
during UNFCCC COP15 on inclusion of agriculture in developing countries
under a future climate deal. In particular, it details how agriculture
has emerged as an important part of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation
Actions (NAMAs) in developing countries. Read
REDD-NET briefing on REDD-plus after Copenhagen
summary considers the outcome of the COP15 negotiations, focusing on
the status of the REDD-plus provisions and what they may mean in terms
of the socio-economic implications of REDD-plus and the effective
implementation of activities on the ground. Click to access the briefing (PDF).
REDD-plus facilitator Tony La Viņa suggests ways forward after Copenhagen
The Foundation for Environmental Law
and Development (FIELD) shares new perspectives on the way forward
after the UN Climate change meeting in Copenhagen from Tony La Viņa,
Dean at the Ateneo School of Government; Lead negotiator, Philippines
and Facilitator, REDD+ negotiations in the LCA process. La Viņa
identifies five key lessons, including tradeoffs between efficiency and
transparency; social accountability; priorities for decisionmakers; and
the case for a disaggregated approach to negotiations. Read
the full article here.
Publications and Resources
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010
The world’s net rate of forest loss has slowed
markedly in the last decade, with less logging in the Amazon and China
planting trees on a grand scale. Yet forests continue to be lost at “an
alarming rate” in some countries, according to the UN Food and
Agriculture Organization (FAO). Read more....
Indigenous Lands, Protected Areas, and Slowing Climate Change
Forest protection offers one of the most effective, practical, and
immediate strategies to combat climate change. Ricketts
TH, Soares-Filho B, da Fonseca GAB, Nepstad D, Pfaff A, et al. (2010)
Indigenous Lands, Protected Areas, and Slowing Climate Change. PLoS
Biol 8(3): e1000331. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000331
A Global Overview of Readiness for REDD
Woods Hole Research Center, as secretariat for the Forum on Readiness
for REDD, has published information on readiness activities in
developing countries, as a way to highlight potential gaps and
synergies and encourage collaboration and partnerships in all facets of
readiness efforts. Click to download the report (PDF).
Carbon Finance Possibilities for Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Projects in a Smallholder Context
new FAO report report catalogues current funding and financing
opportunities for Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use
(AFOLU) projects in a smallholder context, as well as practical steps
for project development, including accounting and validation. Read more...
Preserving the World’s Tropical Forests—A Price on Carbon May Not Do
oil bioenergy production, which is driving deforestation in Indonesia,
is likely to remain highly profitable, even in the fact of a price on
the carbon emissions from forest clearing. Martin Persson and
Christian Azar (2010) “Preserving the World’s Tropical Forests—A Price
on Carbon May Not Do“, Environmental Science and Technology, 2010, 44 (1), pp 210–215, DOI: 10.1021/es902629x.
State of the Forest Carbon Markets 2009
that rescue and restore forests to earn money by capturing carbon in
trees likely expanded their operations in 2009, despite the global
recession and regulatory uncertainty, capping three years of
accelerating growth, according to the first-ever global survey of
emerging markets in forest carbon. Read more...
Deforestation driven by urban population growth and agricultural trade in the twenty-first century DeFries,
Ruth S.; Rudel, Thomas; Uriarte, Maria; Hansen, Matthew. 2010.
Deforestation driven by urban population growth and agricultural trade
in the twenty-first century. Nature Geoscience. 3, 178 – 181 (2010). doi:10.1038/ngeo756
Legal Frameworks for REDD: Design and Implementation at the National Level IUCN
Environmental Law Centre has completed a comprehensive study on
national legal frameworks for REDD in conjunction with partner
international and national REDD legal experts. Download: IUCN Environmental Policy and Law Paper No. 77 (PDF).
The financial costs of REDD : Evidence from Brazil and Indonesia An
IUCN review of empirical data from Brazil and Indonesia suggests
that REDD may, in many areas, provide a cost-effective climate
mitigation option, with estimated costs lying in a range of US$ 2-10
per ton of CO2e. Read more...
Forests and Climate Change Toolbox The
Forest and Climate Change Toolbox has been developed by scientists from
the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and other ASB
collaborators. The objective is to build understanding and technical
proficiency on issues of climate change and forests including
mitigation, adaptation, carbon accounting and markets, and biofuels. Read more...
Opportunities and Events
Identification of Agricultural Mitigation Projects in Developing Countries
The FAO wants to identify existing agricultural
mitigation projects in developing countries (including
agroforestry). Read about this research and on submitting information.
Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting
14-18 April, Washington DC, USA
ASB Scientists will be presenting research related to deforestation in the Amazon rainforest, and applying remote sensing for REDD. Read more about the conference...
Forestry Carbon Markets & REDDGreenPower’s
Forestry Carbon Markets & REDD Conference will bring
investors together with regulators and every other link in the
REDD value chain to move the market forward and realize the potential
of the forestry carbon markets in the USA and beyond.
10-11, June 2010, Washington DC, USA
Tropical biodiversity: surviving the food, energy and climate crisis
19-23 July 2010, Bali, Indonesia
The 2010 International meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation. Read more...
Land Systems, global change and sustainability
The Global Land Project (GLP) is pleased to announce the GLP 2010 Open
Science Meeting. Read more...
17-19 October 2010, Arizona USA
Call for submissions - Sustaining Commons: Sustaining our Future
10-14 January 2011, Hyderabad, India
The 13th Biennial Conference
of the International Association for the Study of the Commons (IASC)
provides a unique opportunity to resurface the discussion and debate on
Commons and bring experience and evidence from across the world to show
that Commons are not a relic of the past, but play a strategic role in
maintaining ecological health, reducing poverty, and improving
collective action. Accepting submissions until April 15. Read more...
by: Vanessa Meadu.
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