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E-News Issue 16 January 2010

ASB Global Coordinator's Message

What's next for REDD+ and AFOLU?Where do we go from here? REDD-plus and AFOLU after Copenhagen

The Copenhagen Accord may not be a great victory, but Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, and agriculture, remain high on the agenda. Peter A Minang highlights key questions for the scientific community to build on the small but important achievements for forests, land use and agriculture after the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference.

Read the full story on the ASB blog

More COP15 Analysis and reflections

Recap: promoting trees outside forests in Copenhagen

The ASB Partnership and the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) were deeply engaged in the REDD-plus discussions, particularly those that called for a broader, whole-landscape approach to carbon management. In looking at the forests and the trees, land use systems such as agroforestry, peatlands, and other areas can help store carbon while also providing additional benefits and income to the people who live on those lands. Six new policy briefs were launched in Copenhagen, covering different dimensions of this approach. ASB and ICRAF scientists participated at a number of key events to promote this perspective. Read the full event summaries on the ASB blog.

Sharing strategies for moving ahead on terrestrial carbon

The ASB Partnership has frequently referred to work by the Terrestrial Carbon Group, which is working on practical solutions to integrating carbon from trees, soil, and peat into an international response to climate change. At COP15 in Copenhagen, ASB and the World Agroforestry Centre partnered with TCG to hold a joint side event on progress and strategies for resolving scientific, institutional and economic challenges to a staged full inclusion of terrestrial carbon in accounting for greenhouse gas mitigation. The diverse panel of experts presented evidence justifying why to move forward and concrete strategies on how to build an international mechanism for dealing with terrestrial carbon.
Read the full event summary on the ASB blog. 

Linking local, national and global actions key to fight climate change 

guest post by Dr. Meine van Noordwijk, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Bogor, Indonesia.

The 15th Conference of Parties (COP) of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) last month in Copenhagen did not meet the expectations of the vast majority of participants and of the rest of the world who avoided the cold weather and followed the discussions remotely. The ‘Copenhagen Accord’ hardly goes beyond the Bali Roadmap of two years ago. It indicates a target for Globally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (GAMA), aiming to keep the human-made global temperature increase below the 2oC that may be manageable, while stronger warming can lead to uncontrollable further changes. But if all countries are listing their Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMA), it probably does not add up to GAMA. Substantial further negotiations will be needed. Read more...

REDD experts weigh in on COP15 outcomes

A quick rundown of what several REDD experts are saying about the Copenhagen outcomes, and what it means for REDD-plus:

Agriculture and climate change: Why farms may be the new forests 

The Economist highlights the interlinkages between farms and forests in the global fight against climate change
As well as giving heart to the protectors of trees, this outcome is encouraging for people whose focus is not on forests but on fields. Climate and agriculture matter to each other in several ways. On the downside, farming is a cause of deforestation, and also emits greenhouse gases in its own right—perhaps 14% of the global total… And because farmers (unlike say, coal-producers) feel the effects of the changes their activities may be causing, they have a role in adapting to climate change.

Source: Agriculture and climate change: Why farms may be the new forests | The Economist, 30 December 2009.

New Land Use Monitoring tools

New tool to help reduce deforestation in the Amazon
ASB colleagues have developed the Amazon Initiative Interactive Map Server, the first freely available web-based application of its kind. Using satellite imagery and digital geographic information, it allows users to select specific areas of the Amazon and retrieve information about population density, biodiversity, land cover and rates of forest loss. Read more.

Land Change Modeling for REDD

Clark University Labs have developed a revolutionary land cover change analysis and prediction software for REDD projects which also incorporates tools that allow you to analyze, measure and project the impacts on habitat and biodiversity. Read more. develops online forest tracking tool, the philanthrophic arm of the information giant, has developed a new technology prototype that enables online, global-scale observation and measurement of changes in the earth’s forests. Read more.


The End of the Hinterland

The Rights and Resources Initiative has published a critical examination of the effects of growing forest carbon markets on tenure and indigenous rights. The End of the Hinterland: Forests, Conflict and Climate Change takes stock of the current status of forest rights and tenure globally, assesses the key issues and trends of 2009, and identifies key questions and challenges that we will face in 2010. Read more....

New articles on land use change in the Brazilian Amazon

The latest issue of the Journal of Land Use Science features new studies on land use and land cover change in the Brazilian Amazon:

A case study of carbon fluxes from land change in the Southwest Brazilian Amazon
K. Barrett;  J. Rogan; J. R. Eastman

Land-use/land-cover change among rubber tappers in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre, Brazil
Jacqueline Michelle Vadjunec;  Carlos Valerio A. Gomes; Thomas Ludewigs

Modeling land use and land cover change in an Amazonian frontier settlement: strategies for addressing population change and panel attrition
Jill L. Caviglia-Harris;  Erin O. Sills;  Luke Jones;  Shubhayu Saha;  Daniel Harris;  Suzanne McArdle;  Dar Roberts;  Marcos Pedlowski; Rebecca Powell

20% of CO2 emissions from deforestation? Make that 12%

Deforestation is the second largest anthropogenic source of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, after fossil fuel combustion. Following a budget reanalysis, the contribution from deforestation is revised downwards, but tropical peatlands emerge as a notable carbon dioxide source.

G. R. van der Werf, D. C. Morton, R. S. DeFries, J. G. J. Olivier, P. S. Kasibhatla, R. B. Jackson, G. J. Collatz & J. T. Randerson. 2009. CO2 emissions from forest loss. Nature Geoscience 2, 737-738. doi:10.1038/ngeo671

Click to see more publications listed on our blog

Events and Opportunities

REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards up for review 

A new draft version of the REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards is available for public comment until 15 March 2010.  These standards are being developed for use by governments, NGOs, financing agencies and other stakeholders to design and implement REDD+ programs that respect the rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities and generate significant social and biodiversity co-benefits. Read more...

AWARD: Successful women, successful science

AWARD is now accepting accepting applications for the 2010  Fellowships.  African women working in agricultural research and development from Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia who have completed a bachelor’s, master’s or doctoral degree in selected disciplines are invited to apply. Applicants must be nationals of the above listed countries and be available in Africa throughout the fellowship period. The deadline for all applications is March 22, 2010. Read more...

Land Systems, global change and sustainability – Meeting and call for abstracts  
17-19 October 2010, Arizona USA

The Global Land Project (GLP) is pleased to announce the GLP 2010 Open Science Meeting. Abstracts will be accepted until 31 January 2010. Read more...

Africa Carbon Forum, Nairobi, Kenya
3-5 March 2010 

The conference and trade fair will focus on capacity development to build on CDM gains on continent.
 For more information and registration, please visit the Africa Carbon Forum – 2010 website.

Greenhouse gas emissions from bioenergy systems: impacts of timing, issues of responsibility
8-10 March 2010, Brussels, Belgium 

EA Bioenergy Task 38, in cooperation with JOANNEUM RESEARCH and Centre wallon de Recherches agronomiques, is pleased to announce its 2010 Annual Conference.  Read more.

More COP15 Analysis and reflections

New Land Use Monitoring tools
Events and Opportunities

Edited by: Vanessa Meadu.
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