The ASB Partnership recently held roundtable discussions with decision makers in Kenya to understand how Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices are designed and implemented in the country and the role of science in informing the process. About 25 stakeholders from various agricultural sectors (government, research, development partners, private sector and farmers) participated.
At the UNFCCC COP 19 talks, negotiations on Land use, Land-use change and Forestry (LULUCF) saw a decision made to have ‘modalities and procedures for possible additional LULUCF activities under the CDM’ Read more here
“This move is encouraging as it means developing countries will have a pivotal role and more value placed on the role of landscapes in climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts,” says Peter Minang, Co-leader, Environmental Services at the World Agroforestry Centre and Global Coordinator, ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins.
In East Usambaras Tanzania, domestication of the Allanblackia tree species, the Cardamom spice and butterflies is delivering on biodiversity conservation while at the same time sustaining livelihoods.
A study looking at their economic value over a period of five years found that the Cardamom spice generated 850USD per year for 10,600 households; the Allanblackia 20USD per year for 5000 households and the butterflies 200USD per year for 350 households.
Sustainable agriculture is driven by a host of factors, key being social actors with the ability to influence decisions and choices by farmers.
A recent study on Social actors and unsustainability of agriculture published in Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability identifies who these actors are, ways they could make agriculture unsustainable, and interventions that could work for sustainability.
Agroforestry, which is the practice of integrating trees on farms and landscapes, can contribute to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) directly or indirectly. Directly as part of REDD+ if a country uses the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) forest definition of canopy cover of between 10-30%, minimum height of 2-5 metres in a minimum land area of 0.05-1hectares; and indirectly as a complement to REDD strategies.
The Rockefeller Foundation funded the ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins from the World Agroforestry Centre to convene twenty three (23) participants for a write-shop on Landscape approaches to REDD+. The write shop was held on March 25-27 2014 at the Rockefeller Bellagio Centre in Italy.
Participants from various disciplines were drawn from countries in the Amazon, Southeast Asia and the Congo Basin where the ASB Partnership has set up benchmark study sites to explore integrated approaches to environmental conservation that also sustain livelihoods.