Study develops an analytical framework of enabling conditions necessary for synergies between mitigation and adaptation
The new IPCC report calls for “sustainable-development trajectories that combine adaptation and mitigation to reduce climate change and its impacts."
Indeed, it is becoming more apparent that linking mitigation and adaptation is a more effective and efficient approach to climate change. Discussions at UN climate talks are heavy on the benefits of synergy; and climate finance mechanisms are increasingly looking for projects with linkages to both.
Internal migrants in Indonesia have shifted land arrangements, resulting in both social and ecological damage: land conflicts increase along with deforestation. This complex relationship has been underplayed in the REDD debate, say Gamma Galudra, Meine van Noordwijk, Putra Agung, Suyanto and Ujjwal Pradhan
By Masayu Vinanda
Conflicting claims over land ownership have occurred in most parts of Indonesia, according to Gamma Galudra and colleagues, writing in Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. They describe one such conflict and its implications for reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) in Senyerang village, Tanjung Jabung Barat district, Jambi province on the island of Sumatra.
Lack of understanding of peat is not the weakest link in the chain, say Meine van Noordwijk and colleagues
By Amy C. Cruz
The high emissions of greenhouse gases from tropical peatlands caused by changing their land use have become a problem for policymakers that they can no longer deny, as their own scientists have now confirmed what external critics told before.
The emissions need to be reduced to mitigate the effects of climate change but because of the complex issues involved, governments, societies and private businesses are still ‘muddling along’ when it comes to conserving peatlands. The peat models we have so far are as clear as mud.
Decisions by women can lead to more changes in land use because of their willingness to accept offers from outsiders. To avoid deforestation, the value of natural ecosystems needs to be instilled
By Tess Beyer
Indonesia is the world’s third largest producer of greenhouse gas, with 85% of its emissions coming from the destruction of natural forests, the main driver of which in the 21st century is industrial-scale, export-oriented agriculture, such as palm-oil producing monocultures.
REDD is globally supported as a cost-effective mitigation option for developing countries to achieve mitigation and sustainable socioeconomic development. But is REDD pro-poor simply because it targets developing countries? A recent study seeking to answer this question was recently published in Applied Geography under the authorship of Joanes Atela and Peter Minang both of ASB-Partnerships for the Tropical forest Margin. The study draws evidence from Kenya to show how vulnerability linked to poverty, influences the spatial choices of REDD project investors and analyses the factors that might influence the ability of communities to access REDD investments.
Due to firewood scarcity in Ethiopia, rural farmers use cattle dung as an energy source. In a recent study published in Energy for Sustainable development, scientists with the ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins explore the impacts of fuel usage patterns of a community living next to the Menagesha Suba state forest, Ethiopia and the implications for food crop production, forest regeneration and community level emission reduction potential.