Production standards and certification such as FairTrade and Rainforest Alliance coffee, Forest Stewardship Council certified lumber, and others provide a means for manufacturers and consumers to have confidence in how raw materials are produced.
During ICRAF science week in September, a special session on lessons from 20 years of ASB Partnership was held. Notable was a presentation by Dr. Anne-Marie, the CGIAR Science Advisor and former 2nd Chair of ASB/GSG on lessons from the partnership across the years. She lauded ASB Partnership as a model for successful integrated networks and other programs within the CGIAR and elsewhere. She highlighted five important lessons:
Climate-smart landscapes are an emerging concept that captures integration of actions and processes in a given place. This integration is geared towards reducing emissions and enhancing ability to cope with already existing negative effects of climate change while at the same time pursuing multiple social, economic and environmental objectives.
In the past, integrated management initiatives have shared similar ambition and provide lessons for implementation.
In a chapter of a new book titled Climate-Smart Landscapes: Multifunctionality in Practice, we study the example of gestion de terroirs (GT), which was an integrated management approach applied in French speaking African countries in the 1990’s.
Scientists with the ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forests Margins at the World Agroforestry Centre have published a special issue in Climate Policy vol.14, no. 6,that focuses on the Political Economy of Readiness for REDD+, guest edited by Dr Peter Minang and Dr Meine van Noordwijk. All articles in this special issue are available for free as “open access” publications.
According to the special issue, the process of REDD+ readiness is shaped by a host of complex political and economic factors largely influenced by the national environment, history and circumstances specific to each country.
At the ongoing UN climate talks in Lima, Peru, the Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD), Ministry of Agriculture and The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) joined hands at an official side event to provide scientific evidence and guidance on the issue of synergy between adaptation and mitigation.
In defining the synergy concept, Dr Lalisa Duguma of ICRAF said that usually, “the whole is greater than the sum of the parts,” thus reaching for optimal benefits derived from the two interventions in a way that neither would have achieved independently.
There is little confusion about what would be globally appropriate mitigation actions (GAMA) to keep the warming of our planet in the range of 2 degrees Celsius. Beyond that level of warming planetary feedbacks may kick in, such as changes in oceanic circulation, which are hard to control. There is also little uncertainty in most places, what locally appropriate adaptation and mitigation actions (LAAMA) could look like, to ensure that sustainable development progresses and/or remains in reach. Often such options will include forests, trees and agroforestry. The specifics will be highly context dependent, with external financial co-investment crucial in the poorest (least developed) countries. But, between this GAMA and the many LAAMA’s there’s a gaping hole.