What often prevents public and/or private bodies to invest in sustainable land use practices is a lack of tangible information to decide between several options against comparable metrics, reliably inform expectations of risk and return, for informed investment decisions. Very little data, if any, is available on either the financial requirements or performance of various sustainable land use practices.
Indonesia fires are an annual event that occurs during the dry season. The fires are so intense, resulting in haze that affects neighboring countries -Singapore and Malaysia. Every fire outbreak is met with equal amount of gusto in political activities and discussions on how to counter the episode. But this energy seem to die off as soon as the rains start and the fire goes off.
The ASB Partnership research in Indonesia over the past twenty years points to the need for sustained urgent action beyond the fire episodes as a way to bring a permanent end to the fire and the haze. Policy action relating to land use decisions and rights are recommended. These include:
In 2010, the Peruvian government announced a commitment to preserve a total of 54 million hectares of forest and reduce the country NET deforestation to zero by 2021. The implementation to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) has been seen as a strategy to achieve that ambitious goal.
Despite challenges and controversy surrounding the initiative to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+), there is no denying that the mechanism has set in motion structures and processes on which climate change regimes can build on both at the national and international levels. For Indonesia, there is evidence that the REDD+ initiative has had considerable impact on forest governance.
For any country, developing an institutional framework on forest governance that incorporates and seamlessly coordinates activities between various sectors and stakeholders with varying interests and ideas can be quite a challenge. In most developing countries like Cameroon, this challenge seems to be compounded by other factors such as dependency on international actors and power concentration at the national level.
Cameroon is endowed with a dense tropical rainforest part of the Congo Basin. This natural resource is estimated to cover about 42% of the country’s total land area and bodes environmental, as well as socio-economic benefits for the country, particularly for indigenous forest-dependent communities. But the forest is threatened by high rates of deforestation, and degradation.