History of ASB

ASB History

The ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins was first established in 1994 as "Alternatives to Slash-and-Burn", and until 2007 was a system-wide programme of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Initially, ASB was focused on reducing the threat of slash-and-burn farming systems to the world’s humid tropical forests, by creating viable and profitable land use alternatives for smallholder farmers in these areas.  Early phases of ASB research explained the direct and indirect drivers of land use change and deforestation in the tropical forest margins. Later phases gave greater attention to potential technical and institutional responses, including adding value to tree crop systems, reform of property rights, and conditional rewards for environmental services.


The current phase of ASB is focused on reducing emissions from land use change, including forestry, agriculture, while ensuring viable livelihoods and enhancing social and environmental co-benefits. Since 2008 ASB has evolved to the “Partnership of the Tropical Forest Margins”