Vietnam national workshop on Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses
by Matilda Palm and Minh Ha Hoang, World Agroforestry Centre Vietnam
The national consultation workshop “Reducing Emissions from All land Uses: an approach toward REDD/REDD+ and National Appropriate Mitigation Action” took place in Tam Dao, Vietnam, on Tuesday, 27 April, 2010.
At the workshop, the sixty-five participants from all sectors of society discussed how Reducing Emissions Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) activities in Vietnam applied to climate change mitigation.
The results from research on Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses (REALU) were presented and discussed along with problems in national land classification, causes of land-use conversion, particularly the loss of natural forest for perennial crops in Tay Nguyen highland plateau. Land-use rights, resource access and tenure were discussed along with the current inefficient land-use planning.
The morning session featured eight speakers from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the REALU Vietnam team from the World Agroforestry Centre as well as a speaker from Forest Trends.
Later, groups discussed various topics raised during the morning session, particularly on the findings of pilot REALU activities in Dak Nong province. The main messages from the discussions are highlighted separately.
Main messages from the REALU Vietnam national workshop
- Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses provides an interesting landscape approach to REDD+.
- The efficiency and fairness of reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation depends on what is included and excluded from the scope of REDD. As a broader range of land uses and management options are included (RED --> REDD --> REDD+ --> REDD++), efficiency decreases and implementation becomes more complex. Meanwhile, fairness increases are more land uses – and land users – are included.
- The analysis of opportunity costs of avoiding emissions from deforestation in Dak Nong province showed the high opportunity cost of rubber and coffee plantations, which raised questions of whether or not the carbon market alone can stop continued conversion of natural forest to perennial crops on the highland plateau in Tay Nguyen.
- Biodiversity offsets and payment for water services should be taken into account together with carbon prices if we want to trade-off this kind of land-use conversion to keep the forest.
- Measurement methods, data sets and institutional settings for implementing REDD+ are still a challenge. Therefore, piloting of REDD+ is considered important.
- The participants welcomed ideas of cross-sectoral links and leakage, embracing REDD, forest protection and high carbon stock/low carbon emission development pathways.
- It was recommended that this landscape approach should be seen as a part of the REDD+ piloting phase in Vietnam.
The workshop was organized by the International Support Group for Natural Resources and Environment at MONRE, with technical support from the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) Vietnam and REDD national Vietnam network.
Funding was provided by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation through the global REALU project coordinated by the ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins at the World Agroforestry Centre.