Smallholder Risk, Cattle and Deforestation in the Western Brazilian Amazon.

TitleSmallholder Risk, Cattle and Deforestation in the Western Brazilian Amazon.
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsFaminow MD, Dahl C, Vosti S, Witcover J, Oliveira S, Carpentier C,
Book TitleWorld Animal Review
PublisherAgriculture and Consumer Protection
Keywordsagroforestry, Amazon, cattle, Economics, pastures
AbstractIn this paper, simple indices of production and price variability are presented in two case studies to explain why the intensive management systems are not widespread in the western Amazon, even if they appear to agronomic and financial benefits. A case study is devoted to the choice of production in a recent colonization project, Pedro Peixoto in Acre State, west of the Amazon. The other study concerns the municipality of Ouro Preto in Rondônia, a well established colony land where milk production is the dominant system, which allows to see how Pedro Peixoto will be in 15 to 20 years. This case study focuses on the financial benefit of adopting a set of improved technologies for cattle breeding, given the price risk and production. High risk associated with price precludes intensification and greater specialization in the area of ​​Pedro Peixoto, this risk has the greatest impact on the intensive use of land which give the agroforestry products and less on products from the pasture - beef and milk. This helps explain the growing dominance of pastures and cattle in the area. In Ouro Preto, the question is whether to continue to make use of rangelands and relatively low productivity or increase the system by improving grazing management. Simulations taking into account the risk associated with the production and prices gave the most negative results, showing how it limits the adoption of technologies.