Small-Scale Farms In The Western Brazilian Amazon: Can They Benefit From Carbon Trade?

TitleSmall-Scale Farms In The Western Brazilian Amazon: Can They Benefit From Carbon Trade?
Publication TypeDiscussion Paper
AuthorsCarpentier C, Vosti S, Witcover J,
Secondary TitleEPTD Discussion Paper
PublisherInternational Food Policy Research Institute
Place PublishedWashington, D.C.
Year of Publication2000
Publication LanguageEnglish
AbstractRecently scientists have started to examine how land-uses and land-use technologies can help mitigate carbon emissions. The half million small-scale farmers inhabiting the Amazon frontier sequester large stocks of carbon in their forests and other land uses that they might be persuaded to maintain or even increase through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. On average, small-scale farmers in the Pedro Peixoto settlement project of Acre (Western Brazilian Amazon), had a stock of 10,067 tons of above- and below-ground carbon on their farms in 1994, 88 percent of which was stored in their forest reserves. The income and carbon mitigation effects of three types of carbon payments are analyzed in this paper: (1) above- or total-carbon stock payments paid for carbon retained in the forest or stored in all land-uses, (2) above- or total-carbon flow payments paid for carbon stored in all land-uses, and (3) above- or total-carbon net stock payments paid for carbon stored in all land-uses. The main conclusions are that carbon payments can be effective in preserving forest and carbon, but should be based on carbon stocks or net carbon stock rather than carbon flows. Payments tied to forest carbon or carbon in all land-uses provide inexpensive carbon offset potential, and payments based on total instead of above-ground carbon only slightly dilute the forest preservation effect of carbon payments.
KeywordsAmazon, ASB, Brazil, carbon, carbon market, Carbon stock, forests, Kyoto, payments, preservation
Citation Key 37