A Process for Community and Government Cooperation to Reduce the Forest Fire and Smoke Problem in Thailand.

TitleA Process for Community and Government Cooperation to Reduce the Forest Fire and Smoke Problem in Thailand.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsHoare P
ContactAuthorasb@cgiar.org, pwchoare@hotmail.com
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
Volume104
Start Page35
Pagination12
Keywordscauses of fires, conflict resolution, fire calendar, fire laws, fire management and monitoring., Managing smoke, village watershed networks
AbstractKey issues for managing smoke are identified, along with a process developed to reduce the problem during three years of project implementation in a critical watershed in North Thailand. The project area is 1007 km2 in Nan Province which borders the Lao P.D.R. The government forest fire management programme is being implemented through the Royal Forest Department (RFD), and a participatory community fire management programme facilitated through Community Coordinators is funded through Danish Cooperation for Environment and Development (DANCED) grant assistance. A fire calendar for Nan Province with estimates of the contribution to the smoke problem by different fire lighters shows that major cause of the smoke problem are burning of grassland by hunters and uncontrolled burning of upland fields for agriculture. Moderate causes of smoke were burning of grassland by graziers, urban and roadside fires, and burning of paddy rice straw. Forest fire legislation could not be effectively implemented as it created antagonism between forest officials and communities.
URLhttp://www.asb.cgiar.org/pdfwebdocs/AGEE_special_PHoare_A_process_for_community.pdf