Penyebab Akibat Alih Guna Lahan Terhadap Fungsi Das Pada Lanskap Agroforestri Berbasis Kopi Di Sumatra.

TitlePenyebab Akibat Alih Guna Lahan Terhadap Fungsi Das Pada Lanskap Agroforestri Berbasis Kopi Di Sumatra.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsVerbist B, Ekadinata A, Budidarsono S
ContactAuthorasb@cgiar.org
JournalAgrivita
Volume26
Issue1
Start Page29
Pagination29-38
Date PublishedMarch 2004
ISSN0126 - 0537
Keywordsdriving factors of land use change, multistrata coffee systems, Sustainability, watershed functions
AbstractLand use is changing rapidly in SE-Asia from forest to landscape mosaics with various degrees of tree cover. The upper Way Besai watershed - about 40,000 ha upstream the Way Besai hydro-power dam - covers most of the sub district of Sumberjaya (54,200 ha) and exemplifies the rapid land use changes. It was transformed in the past three decades from a large forest cover (> 60 %) to a mosaic of various smallholder coffee systems with rice paddies in the valleys and about twelve percent of forest cover. This happened with a simmering and over the past 10 years sometimes violent conflict. Any in-depth understanding of the changes has to be based on a historical perspective and an accurate monitoring of land use and land cover changes over at least a few decades. A systems analysis approach was used to analyze the importance of fluctuation of world market prices of coffee, population growth, migration, and road construction on land use change and watershed functions. It seems that after a phase of degradation, rehabilitation can occur, if the conditions are right.
URLhttp://www.worldagroforestry.org/sea/Publications/files/journal/JA0018-04.pdf