Management Control of Soil Organic Matter Dynamics in Tropical Land-Use Systems.

TitleManagement Control of Soil Organic Matter Dynamics in Tropical Land-Use Systems.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsFernandes E, Motavalli PP, Castillaira C, Mukurumb L,
Keywordsagroforestry, CENTURY, mulching, organic fractions, organic inputs, soil macro fauna
AbstractGiven the rapid conversion of tropical forests to crop and pasture land, the economic constraints to widespread fertilizer use, and the potentially negative ecological impacts of fertilizer misuse, there is an urgent need to improve the management of organic inputs and soil organic matter (SOM) dynamics in tropical land-use systems. One desirable goal is the ability to be able to manipulate SOM dynamics via management practices so as to promote soil conservation, to ensure the sustainable productivity of agroecosystems, and to increase the capacity of tropical soils to act as a sink for, rather than a source of, atmospheric carbon. Soil organic matter dynamics are affected by management activities such as: (1) manipulation of the soil environment via tillage, mulching, and application of organic or inorganic fertilizers; (2) varying not only the quantity and quality of organic inputs, but also the placement and timing of application; and (3) manipulation of soil fauna. Although simulation models based on ecosystem concepts, such as Century, offer a dynamic conceptual framework to examine the effects of long-term management, the predictable management of SOM dynamics in tropical agroecosystems is constrained by the lack of appropriate methodologies to isolate SOM pools that are responsive to management.