Agroforestry, Elephants, and Tigers: Balancing Conservation Theory and Practice in Human-Dominated Landscapes of Southeast Asia.

TitleAgroforestry, Elephants, and Tigers: Balancing Conservation Theory and Practice in Human-Dominated Landscapes of Southeast Asia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsNyhus P, Tilson R
ContactAuthorasb@cgiar.org, philip.nyhus@fandm.edu
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
Volume104
Start Page87
Pagination11
Keywordsagroforestry, Conflict, Conservation, Elephants, Sumatra, Tiger
AbstractLarge mammal populations theoretically are best conserved in landscapes where large protected areas are surrounded by buffer zones, connected by corridors, and integrated into a greater ecosystem. Multi-use buffer zones, including those containing complex agroforestry systems, are promoted as one strategy to provide both economic benefits to people and conservation benefits to wildlife. We use the island of Sumatra, Indonesia to explore the benefits and limitations of this strategy. We conclude that conservation benefits are accrued by expanding the habitat available for large mammals but more attention needs to be focused on how to reduce and respond to human–wildlife conflict that is likely to occur in these multiple use areas. Agroforestry systems are likely to play an increasingly valuable role in the conservation of large mammalian species. We believe this value can be increased still further if the agroforestry community decides to assume a leadership role in addressing the issue of human–wildlife conflict, which is fast becoming a central threat to the survival of many large endangered species like tigers and elephants.
URLhttp://www.asb.cgiar.org/pdfwebdocs/AGEE_special_PNyhus_Agroforestry elephantsand tigers.pdf