For every crop, the best producers globally are 100 times more
productive than the worst. Even within nations, producers can be 10
times more efficient than their neighbours, whether they farm maize
(corn) in Nebraska or cassava in Nigeria.
The development from REDD to REDD+ is a good sign of
the changing paradigm on the REDD plan. REDD+ does not just view natural
forests as carbon stock, but far more importantly, as natural ecosystem service
the issue of who owns the forest is probably the biggest hurdle in the
implementation of REDD+ in most countries and to succeed, legal structures and
policy frameworks should promote ownership of the process by forest dependent
communities. This is important because forest management initiatives must have
the objectives of promoting both the wellbeing of forests and that of
communities who rely on the forests as a source of livelihood.
reconcile this, Indonesia has started to implement the Hutan Desa regulation which aims to resolve tenure conflicts
through the provision of village forests. The agreement allows villages living
in forest margins to become active forest management units. Although Hutan Desa is currently being applied in
only one community in Indonesia, it offers lesson points for the large-scale
application of the law to other communities.
of the points are analyzed in ASB’s latest policy brief 18 on "Stewardship
Agreements to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) in
Indonesia”. The brief highlights the need to reduce transaction costs and
streamlining of rules for wider application of the law; international support in dealing with bottlenecks such as
tenure conflicts; informal social networks comprising of key stakeholders such
as government officials, NGO’s, and researchers are also important in the
process though they can take a long time to develop. Read
full policy brief
Indonesia has received tremendous attention recently
after the president signed into law a two-year moratorium on logging in
remaining primary forest and peatlands. Intense debate before and after this
moratorium has clarified positions: only 25% of Indonesia is covered by the
Moratorium, which includes all areas that already have conservation and
national park status.