By Elizabeth Kahurani
is endowed with a dense tropical rainforest part of the Congo Basin. This
natural resource is estimated to cover about 42% of the country’s total land
area and bodes environmental, as well as socio-economic benefits for the
country, particularly for indigenous forest-dependent communities. But the forest is threatened by high rates of
deforestation, and degradation.
Field practicals during ASB Partnership training on Estimating Opportunity Costs for REDD+ in CameroonAction
taken by the government to curb this trend include being part of the global
mechanism REDD+ -(Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation
plus conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest
is meant to support voluntary efforts to mitigate climate change by developing
countries and provides financial value on carbon sequestered through the
initiative. To actively participate in REDD+, a country has to go through
various levels of preparation in a process called REDD Readiness.
determine how far Cameroon is in this process, a recent study employed a
framework with a set of universal applicable criteria developed by
scientists at the ASB Partnership
for the Tropical Forest Margins. The criteria consists of six main functions,
several sub-functions and indicators for successful implementation of REDD+.
The six main functions are: Planning and
Coordination; Policies, Laws and Institutions; Monitoring, Reporting and
Verification (MRV) and Audit; Benefit Sharing; Financing; Demonstration and Pilots.
The framework has a standard application and countries can use this framework
to evaluate their REDD+ performance against other participating countries.
score on the functions and indicators provided by the framework was determined
through interviews with key REDD+ stakeholders at various levels of government,
civil society, development partners, academic, and media. An extensive
literature review was also conducted.
the country seems to do well on planning and coordination, political will and
commitment through action taken with regard to institutional aspects; and in
demonstration and pilots projects.
Functions that got low ratings were on legal, benefit sharing, MRV and
Audit, and financing.
study proposes a number of recommendations for Cameroon to fast track their
readiness process. These include the need to complete the country REDD+
Strategy in order to enhance coordination between government ministries,
establishing the National Observatory on Climate Change as an independent body
with budget and mandate to implement activities, strengthening enforcement of
government legislation within the forest sector, and providing clear channels
for conflict resolution and addressing rights issues.
draw in the private sector, the idea of a carbon concession in which forest
blocks are allocated to companies that can manage and sell carbon and proceeds
shared between the government and communities is advanced,” says Dr Dieudonne
Alemagi, lead author of the Cameroon study.
to do with MRV can be tackled through engagement with regional and
international initiatives with developed tools and methodologies that can be
modified for local application,” he adds.
a devolved mechanism through existing structures such as the annual forestry
fess, Land fees, REDD+ performance-based payments is further explained as a way
to improve benefit sharing and financing for REDD+ in Cameroon.
a rich forest country, Cameroon could take advantage of ongoing initiatives and
opportunities to strengthen its forest sector. This study contributes practical
steps for the country in this journey.
Source: REDD+ readiness process in Cameroon:
an analysis of multi-stakeholder perspectives? part of a journal special issue Climate Policy vol.14, no. 6 focusing
on The Political Economy of Readiness
for REDD+. All articles in this issue are open access.
Citation: Alemagi, D. Minang,
P. A. Feudjio, M. Duguma, L.A. 2014 REDD+ readiness process in Cameroon:
an analysis of multi-stakeholder perspectives? Climate Policy 14 (6) 709-733