By Elizabeth Kahurani
2010, the Peruvian government announced a commitment to preserve a total of
54 million hectares of forest and reduce the country NET deforestation to zero
by 2021. The implementation to reduce emissions from deforestation and
forest degradation (REDD+)
has been seen as a strategy to achieve that ambitious goal.
researchers looking at REDD+ Readiness in Peru, find that action and progress
over a period of three years (2011-2013) has been minimal. They used an analytical
framework on REDD+ Readiness developed by the ASB Partnership to
evaluate Peru’s progress in setting up the needed structures and processes to
implement the UN led mechanism.
by the framework, interviews with key REDD+ stakeholders were conducted to
understand how the country scored on functions required in a country’s REDD+
Readiness process –Planning and
Coordination; policy, institutional, and legal framework; MRV and audit;
Demonstration and Pilots; Financing; Benefit sharing. These were measured
against defined progress indicators.
found that progress was limited due to a number of factors captured in three
main areas –lack of leadership and capacity to coordinate and engage with
different sectors, a gap in knowledge of the processes driving deforestation
and appropriate trans sectoral policy responses, hence the need for a stronger
integration of REDD+ into national and regional plans,” says Dr Valentina
Robiglio, Climate Scientist at the World Agroforestry Centre in Latin America
and lead author of the study.
instance, important government ministries, civil society, and communities had
not been involved from the beginning and that has hindered efforts. “The start
towards REDD readiness process was rapid, championed mainly by international
partners, donors, international and national experts. As such, much of the
ground work that was required for a conducive political environment and
institutional cross-sector coordination was bypassed,” says Dr Robiglio.
further noted that failure to understand the social-political context within
which deforestation and degradation happens led to crucial gaps in planning for
the readiness process through the identification of priority areas for
study recommends integration of REDD strategies into policies and ensuring
linkages between national and subnational functions to aid towards clarifying
rights, land allocations, land-use monitoring and thus ensure equity and
efficiency in benefit sharing.
Beyond REDD+ readiness: Land-use governance to reduce
deforestation in Peru article is part of a journal special issue Climate Policy vol.14, no. 6 focusing
on The Political Economy of Readiness
for REDD+. All articles in this issue are open access.
Citation: Robiglio, V., Armas,
A. D., Aguad, C. S., White, D. 2014 Beyond REDD+ readiness: land-use governance
to reduce deforestation in Peru. Climate
Policy 14 (6) 734-747