By Martin Reyes, Valentina Robiglio, Glenn Hyman
Land use planning processes in Peru over the last several years – based on the contribution of Ecological and Economic Zoning (ZEE) – have provided a space for the development and analysis of up-to-date information, and for inter-institutional dialogue together with civil society. In this context, the Regional Environmental Authority of the Regional Government of Ucayali in Peru is interested in investing in integrated territorial planning that considers economic and social aspects as well as climate change mitigation. The planning would be based on a better understanding of alternative development scenarios and their direct implications on greenhouse gas emissions and availability of water resources.
Methods and tools that support integrated planning and explore planning scenarios in a participatory context were developed in the workshop “Analysis of low emissions development scenarios with the LUWES methodology in Irazola district”, on January 27 and 28th, 2016. LUWES is a conceptual framework for land-use planning and development that reduces emissions. The workshop was coordinated by Valentina Robiglio and Martín Reyes (World Agroforestry Centre – ICRAF), in collaboration with Glenn Hyman, Ricardo Labarta and Wendy Francesconi (International Center for Tropical Agriculture – CIAT), in the context of the SECURED Landscapes project, an initiative of the ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins, with funding from the Norwegian Agency for Development (NORAD). Workshop participants included representatives of the Environmental Management, Territorial Management, Biological Diversity Conservation and Forest Management departments of the Regional Environmental Authority of Ucayali; Padre Abad Provincial Government, Irazola District Government; and the National Commission for Development and Life without Drugs (DEVIDA).
The workshop objective was to present the results of a land use change analysis in Irazola, link those changes to impacts on water resources using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) and use the LUWES framework to analyze low emissions development scenarios. Three scenarios were considered. The Business as Usual scenario assumes that land use changes occur according to historical trends. A negative scenario assumes higher rates of forest loss and their replacement by oil palm and pastures. A third scenario assumes reduced deforestation rates and adoption of measures specified by the Forestry and Wildlife Law (No. 29763), such as increasing areas with agroforestry and silvopastoral systems. The participants discussed and validated the scenarios, comparing the impacts on greenhouse gas emissions to the year 2030. The workshop demonstrated the importance of data quality and the advantages of LUWES as a planning tool. Workshop participants learned how to simulate development scenarios that have been defined in regional, provincial and district development plans.